The name Sundarbans is thought to be derived from sundri or sundari Heritiera fomes , the name of the large mangrove trees that are most plentiful in the area. Peripthalmus and Bolethalmus are amphibious fish species, most frequently seen swimming near mud banks and jetties. Mudflats are wet deposits of soil found near coastal areas, formed from the deposition of mud by rivers or tides. The sediment of the lower delta plain is primarily advected inland by monsoonal coastal setup and cyclonic events. The characteristic tree of the forest is the sundari Heritiera littoralis , from which the name of the forest had probably been derived. Ghoramara island lies 92 km south of Kolkata and spreads in a minuscule area of 5 km.
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According to Champion and Seth subdarban, the freshwater swamp forests are characterised by Heritiera minorXylocarpus molluccensisBruguiera conjugataSonneratia apetalaAvicennia officinalisand Sonneratia caseolariswith Sundarbab tectoriusHibiscus tiliaceusand Nipa fruticans along the fringing banks.
The physiography is dominated by deltaic formations that include innumerable drainage lines associated with surface and subaqueous levees, splays and tidal flats. Controlling man-eating tigers is another major activity.
The Times of India. Since the Sundarbans have been a wildlife sanctuary, and it is estimated that there are now Royal Bengal tigers and about 30, spotted deer in the area. Ask a question from people who travelled to Sundarbans recently. There is abundance of dhundul or passur Xylocarpus granatum and kankra Bruguiera gymnorhiza though distribution sundadban discontinuous. Sun in the Sundarbans.
Only 100 Tigers Remain in Bangladesh’s Sundarban Forests, Survey Shows
United Nations Environmental Programme. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. The Sundarban forest lies in the vast delta on the Bay of Bengal formed by the super confluence of the GangesHooghlyPadmaBrahmaputra and Meghna rivers across sundaran Bangladesh. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sundarbah mammals include spotted deerwild boars, otters, wildcats, and Ganges river dolphins Platanista gangeticabut several species that once inhabited the region—including Javan rhinocerosesguar, water buffaloand spotted deer—are now believed to be extinct there.
Subject to a series of successively more sundaarban management plans since its declaration as reserved forest, a focus point sundxrban many of these sundarbna is the management of tigers, together with other widlife, as an integral part of forest management that ensures the sustainable harvesting of forest products while maintaining the coastal zone in a way that meets the needs of the local human population. Out of these, 15 mammal species, eight bird species, and 17 reptile species are counted amongst the rare and endangered species in India.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Besides the forest, there are extensive areas of brackish water and freshwater marshesintertidal mudflatssandflatssand dunes sundxrban typical dune vegetation, open grassland on sandy soils and raised areas supporting a variety of terrestrial shrubs and trees.
Plant Ecology 2nd ed. Thank You for Your Contribution! In Bangladesh, a new Forest Circle was created in to preserve the forest, and Chief Conservators of Forests have been posted since. The reduction in number of casualties is a result of strict control over the movement of the people inside the tiger reserve, alternative income generation and awareness building among people. We stayed at a hotel in Pakhiralay, although some people stay in launch boats as well.
Integrated resource development of the Sundarbans Reserved Forests, Suhdarban. The forest staff, using motorboats and launches, protect the park from illegal poaching and theft.
Sundarbans – Wikipedia
Saltwater Crocodiles also inhabit the Sundarbans and are well known to be the largest and along with the Nile Crocodile most aggressive reptile on Earth. This represents a significant proportion of the species present in Bangladesh i. The first management plan was written for the period — World Heritage Sunarban in Bangladesh.
One of my most recent trips included a three-day stay at Sunderbans. Flora The vegetation in Sunderbans is a moist tropical forest sundarbam Mangroves dominating the flora. Het nationaal park de Sundarbans beslaat Archived from the original PDF on 2 February It has specialised roots called pneumatophore which emerge above ground and help in gaseous exchange i.
The mangrove interpretation centre in Sajnekhali is a must-visit.
Indian Sundarbans named as a Wetland of International Importance | Ramsar
Sundarbans as a Case Study”. However, the region should be visited by conservationists and shutterbugs from all over the world. History at your fingertips.